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1600s Polhem"s knot = Cardan Joint (Industrial Universal Joints)





















1700s
  • Celsius thermometer scale
  • Improved rapid fire on Muskets
  • Scheutzian Calculation engine
  • Improved Steel grinders
  • Improved Compasses
  • Safety Matches
  • Wahrendorff Breech
1742 - Celsius Thermometer ScaleThe Swedish Astronomer, Anders Celsius, invented the centigrade temperature scale with 100 degrees between the freezing point (0°C) and the boiling point (100°C).
1800s
  • Swedish Revolver
  • Printing Machine
  • Cream Separator
  • Pulse Jet Engine
  • Dynamite
  • Nobel Prize
  • Multi-Barrel Gun
  • Nordenfelt Machine Gun
  • Odhner Arithmometer
  • Mechanical Calculator
  • Three-Phase Electrical System
  • Adjustable Spanner
  • Blowtorch
  • Soot-free Kerosene Stove
  • Sun Valve
  • Free Wheel + Rear Wheel Brakes on Bikes
  • High-Pressure Steam Boilers
  • Turbine Powered Locomotive
  • Air Preheater
  • Kanthal
  • Ship Propellers
  • Molecular Ultracentrifugation Weighing Method
  • Pyranometer
  • Encryption Machines
1851: The ZipperGideon Sundback, a Swedish electrical engineer at the Universal Fastener Company designed the zipper as well as its manufacturing machine. Its primary use was for boots and tobacco pouches and only extended into the garment industry 20 years thereafter.
1855: The Safety Match Johan Edvard Lundström invented the safety match to resolve the problem that poisonous phosphorous in regular matches caused infection and disease. He introduced red non-poisonous phosphorous located on the striking surface and not the match itself which only ignited on the striking surface and nowhere else. This transformed the company in Jönköping into one of the largest match production companies in the world.
1891: The Adjustable Wrench Some refer to this invention as the “Swedish key,” an improved design of a regular wrench that allows measurable adjustment, patented by Johan Petter Johansson in 1891 and is still used today.
1900s
  • Ball + Roller Bearing
  • Multi-Row Self-Aligning Radial Ball Bearing
  • Gas Absorption Refrigerator
  • New Insulation Materials
  • Improved Air Conditioners
  • Improved Dehumidification Devices
  • Defibrator Pulping Refiner
  • Defibrator Method
  • Coated Electrode
  • Dialysis Machines
  • Ultrasound
  • The Soft Drink
  • Continuous Bleaching Process for Paper
  • 3-Point Safety Belt
  • Improved Cipher Machines
  • Malaise Trap
  • Spherical Bearings
  • Tetra Pak Carton Packaging
  • Digitizer
  • Energy Saving Light bulb
1900-1960: The AGA lighthouseGustaf Dalén created a very bright light from burning acetylene which became the predominant light source for lighthouses from the early 1900s until 1960 when there was a shift to electricity. Combining the Dalén light with a sun sensor meant the light only shone during darkness. The AGA lighthouse is located near Djurgården in Stockholm.http://innovationbysweden.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Lighthouse.jpg
1925: Gas Absorption Refrigerator Baltzar von Platen and Carl Munters modified the idea of absorption cooling with a 3-fluid configuration enabling function without a pump. The idea was bought and incorporated by Elextrolux whose refrigerator production thrived later in the 60s due to their instalment into caravans.
1952: Tetra Pak Carton Packaging Erik Wallenberg invented the Tetra Pak as a storage solution for packaging and distributing liquid foodstuffs such as milk and juice. The business man Ruben Rausing later developed and produced the cartons, the most ubiquitous being the Tetra Brik of 1969.
1958-1960: The PacemakerRune Elmqvist developed a small battery-powered pacemaker producing electrical impulses that help the heart function normally in 1958, and the first pacemaker operation was held at Karolinska Hospital in Stockholm the same year.
1959: Volvo introduced three-point seat belt as standard equipment The 3-point seatbelt was developed by Nils Bohlin with Volvo and introduced as standard equipment. The design supports the upper body and spreads the pressure caused by impact to reduce crash injuries and fatalities. The design was patented but released for use by other automobile manufacturers in the public interest of safety.
1960s
  • Rear-facing child safety seats
  • Gamma Knife, Brain Surgery
  • Bricanyl, anti asthma drug
1961: Babysitter from Babybjörn Björn Jakobson founded the BabyBjörn bouncy seat to keep babies entertained while babysitting, and the Hjärtnära baby-carrier later in 1973 to enable parents to keep their babies close to their bodies.
1970s
  • Seloken, a beta blocker that lowers blood pressure
  • Mecanum Wheel
  • Babybjorn baby carrier
  • Parental insurance
  • Plastic child seat for bicycles
  • The AXE telephone system
  • Losec - Anti-Ulcer
1980s
  • Nordic Mobile Telephony (NMT) system
  • Color Graphics Processor
Håkan Lans invented the color graphics processor which accelerates the rendering of color images and objects.
  • Artificial Intelligence
1990s
  • GSM system for mobile communication
  • GPS
  • Energetically Modified Cement
  • Free newspaper distributed through the public transport system, Metro
  • Automatic Identification System (AIS)
  • Electrolux Robot vacuum cleaner prototype
1995: “Metro” Newspaper The world’s first free newspaper distributed through the public transport system targeting younger urban readers has become Sweden’s most read newspaper. Issue thickness is determined mostly by advertisements and dated issues are collected and recycled. Metro is today operating in 23 countries in 15 different languages
2001: Eye Tracking by Tobii Tobii’s leading eye-tracking technology has transformed research in many fields, enabled communication for thousands of people with special needs and accelerated the development of gaze interaction in personal computing.
2002: LUCAS cardio-pulmonary resuscitation devices for ambulances The LUCAS Chest Compression System device is developed, passes testing, is CE marked and produced. The device is fastened to a victim of cardiac arrest and provides CPR which creates greater blood flow to vital organs than manual CPR is able to do.
2003: Skype Founded by Niklas Zennström and Janus Friis, Skype is an internet voice communication software that allows free online calls, cheap calls to telephones, chatting, screen-sharing, group meetings, and file-sharing. In 2005 eBay bought Skype for $2.3 billion and in 2011 it was sold to Microsoft for $8.5 billion.
2005: Klarna A service that simplifies shopping from a mobile device by separating the buying from the actual payment being made. The customer provides their email address and postcode to make a purchase, and the product is paid for after its delivery according to your own choice of payment plan. No need to give out sensitive payment details when shopping online, no hassle filling in forms, and allows you to see and feel the product before any payment is made!
2005: PeePoopleMore than 2.5 billion people globally lack access to basic sanitation and are thus susceptible to disease transmission. The PeePoo is a low-cost sanitary bag, a portable toilet, designed ergonomically from the end user’s needs. It uses a double bag system for hygienic purposes and will remain odourless for up to 24 hours, with the bio-plastic gradually reacting with the contents and deteriorating into CO2, water, and biomass.
2005: Hövding “invisible” bicycle helmet What began as a master thesis at the University of Lund became an award-winning product by industrial designers Anna Haupt and Terese Alstin who developed the Hövding, an airbag for cyclists.
2006: Spotify A music streaming service with millions of songs, accessible from your laptop or mobile and completely free if on shuffle, or just play any song you want at any time with a premium account. Create playlists or listen to other user’s playlists and discover completely new music you are likely to love through the Discovery page which suggests new songs for you based on what you are listening to!
2006: SolvattenSolvatten is a 10 liter container which uses solar power to heat the water inside for 2-6 hours until it indicates that the water is safe to drink. It provides hot water for cooking and hygiene without using up fuels to bring water to boiling temperature
2007: Volvo collision warning system with automatic braking Volvo designed a collision warning system composed of a detection radar and supplementary camera which monitors the distance to objects ahead with a warning signal followed by automatic braking if the car comes close to collision to minimize the damage and colliding force.
2009: Giraff Technologies Mobile Video phone This machine, stationed at elderly people’s homes, allows the caregiver to call in and check on the patient with full view, audio, and moveability through the internet. The technology removes travel time and allows caregivers to check on more patients.
2011: iZettle This is a service that allows for card payments to be made through an account accessible on your smartphone, tablet or desktop. Use the iZettle card terminal that plugs into your phone to give or receive payments – an ideal solution for entrepreneurs as it is just a fraction of the price of a regular card terminal!
2009: EzyStove The EzyStove is a wood fuelled stove designed by Veryday that is low-cost, uses 40% less wood than the average stove, reduces eye-irritating smoke by 70%, and beautifully crafted having won multiple design awards. Targeting impoverished areas in developing countries but attracting the eyes of everyone, this product is easy to assemble, use, and love
2011: WrappWrapp is a social-gifting service available online and as a phone-app where retailers offer gift cards and promotions that you can either use yourself or send to your friends via Facebook, email or SMS. An excellent way to discover new stores and inspirational for gift ideas!
2012: Portable fuel cell charger PowerTrekk is launched in selected storesThe PowerTrekk is a portable charger that only uses water and a myFC Puck with salt to transform the hydrogen into electricity – with a USB outlet to charge your mobile, camera, GPS or MP3 player.